I doubt it, maybe only a coincidence. Branded to Kill came out the same year as Le Samourai, and Suzuki's films weren't easily exported, and Branded to Kill was quite overlooked and forgotten for several decades. Melville's Army of Shadows has just had it's US premiere here this week, and I'm desperately trying to catch it in the cinema, so it seems like a good time to be discovering Melville's work. I'm much, much more familiar with Suzuki's films. Melville seemed very conscious of what he was doing, Suzuki seemed to just play with cinema because he was given such pulp material to work with, his films have a graphic novel feel to them.